Listed by date
Augmenting interoperability across scholarly repositories.
sponsored and supported by Microsoft, the Andrew W. Mellon
Foundation, the Coalition for Networked Information, the Digital
Library Federation, and JISC on April 20-21 2006 will explore
agreement on the nature and characteristics of a limited set of
core, protocol-based repository interfaces (REST-full and/or
SOAP-based Web services) that allow downstream applications to
interact with heterogeneous repositories in an efficient and
consistent manner; compile a concrete list of action items aimed at
fully specifying, validating and implementing such repository
interfaces; and devise a timeline for the specification, validation
and implementation of such repository interfaces. For more
Guidelines for encoding identifiers in Dublin Core and IEEE LOM
providing guidelines for encoding a number of commonly used
identifiers in Dublin Core (DC) metadata and IEEE Learning
Object Metadata (LOM) records is available at
and OAI-PMH Down Under.
Google is using
OAI-PMH to harvest information from the National Library of
Australia (NLA) Digital Object Repository. For more information see
November 2004 --
CiteSeer OAI-PMH Compliant.
CiteSeer, a public digital library and search engine in computer and
information science, is now OAI compliant. Currently, CiteSeer has
over 700,000 documents, all from web crawling or author submission
and is being hosted at Penn State's School of Information Sciences
and Technology. For more details on harvesting the OAI metadata from
CiteSeer please see:
May 2004 --
Static Repository Specification.
A Static Repository provides a simple approach for exposing
relatively static and small collections of metadata records through
the OAI-PMH.. A Static Repository is an XML file that is made
accessible at a persistent HTTP URL. The XML file contains metadata
records and repository information. A Static Repository
becomes accessible via OAI-PMH through the intermediation of a
Static Repository Gateway. The specification can be found at
April 2004 -- mod_oai Project Aims at Optimizing
The Computer Science Department of Old Dominion University and the
Research Library of the Los Alamos National Laboratory announce the
launch of the "mod_oai" project. The aim of the project is to
create the mod_oai Apache software module that will expose content
accessible from Apache Web servers via the Open Archives Initiative
Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). The mod_oai project is
generously funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. More
information about the mod_oai project can be found at
2004 -- OLAC Archive on board European Space Agency mission.
March 2, the Rosetta Disk left Earth on board an Ariane-5 rocket
from the European Spaceport in Kourou, French Guyana. The mission's
target is the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko, which will be reached in
2014 after a "billiard ball" journey through the Solar
System lasting more than ten years. The Rosetta Disk is a modern
version of the Rosetta Stone. The 2-inch nickel disk is micro-etched
with 30,000 pages of information covering over 1,000 languages. For
each language there is a simple dictionary, a guide to pronunciation
and counting, and a traditional story with translation.
Additionally, to help language decipherment in remote futures, a
translation of a common text (the first three chapters of the book
of Genesis) is provided in all languages. The disk can be read with
the aid of an optical microscope. The materials on the disk come
from the Rosetta
1000 Language Archive, an OLAC repository.
2004 -- U-M expands access to hidden electronic resources with
repository of information that provides links to previously
difficult-to-locate electronic scholarly resources is widely
available under a new agreement between the University of Michigan
and Yahoo! Inc. The repository—developed through Michigan's
University Library OAIster Project—is now available through
Yahoo!'s Content Acquisition Program (CAP) and accessible through
Yahoo! Search. OAIster offers information that links to hidden
digital resources such as the complete contents of books and
articles, technical reports, preprints (unpublished works that have
not yet been peer reviewed), white papers, images of paintings,
movies and audio files of speeches. See the complete press
release at http://www.umich.edu/news/index.html?Releases/2004/Mar04/r031004.
January 2004 -- OAI Access to PubMed Central
The PubMed Central OAI service (PMC-OAI) provides access to metadata
of all items in the PubMed Central (PMC) archive, as well as to the
full text of a subset of these items. PMC-OAI is an
implementation of the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata
Harvesting (OAI-PMH), a standard for retrieving metadata from
digital document repositories. Visit the Open Archives Initiative
site for more information about the protocol and other activities of
the OAI group. PMC-OAI supports OAI-PMH version 2.0.
Compatibility with earlier versions of the protocol is not
guaranteed. The base URL for the service is
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/oai/oai.cgi. Complete information
is available at
2003 -- Third Workshop on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI3).
third CERN workshop will bring together librarians and information
specialists, publishers, scientists and university managers who want
to bring the benefits of open archives technology and open access
publishing to libraries. The conference's action-focused agenda will
prioritize initiatives to be undertaken, in order to increase the
impact of OAI on the process of scientific publishing. The workshop
announcement is at http://info.web.cern.ch/info/OAIP/Practical.html
2003 -- Guide to Institutional Repository Software. OSI
is pleased to announce the release of the Guide to Institutional Repository
Software. The guide describes the five open source, OAI-compliant
systems currently available. As many institutions are developing
repositories, OSI thought it would be helpful to produce such
so that each institution could select the software best suited to meet
its needs. Included in the guide is a brief narrative overview of each
system followed by a summary of the systems technical features.
guide will be updated as additional systems are developed. To
view the guide, see: http://www.soros.org/openaccess/software/
2003 -- Static Repository Specification.
Archives Initiative announces the beta release of the
Specification for an OAI Static Repository and an OAI Static
Repository Gateway. A Static Repository
provides a simple approach for exposing relatively static and small
collections of metadata records through the OAI-PMH. A Static
Repository becomes accessible via OAI-PMH through the intermediation
of one Static Repository Gateway. Read the full
2003 -- OAI Registry at UIUC.
experimental registry of OAI providers is now available. The
registry can be found at
registry was constructed by collecting the baseURLs of all the
providers we could from various ListFriends sites, Hussein's
repository explorer, etc., as well as a search tool developed using
the Google SOAP API to search for possible baseURLs (surprisingly
this yielded 30+ new provider sites).
2003 -- Open Archives Initiative and Project RoMEO
Archives Initiative and Project RoMEO announce the formation of OAI-rights.
The goal of this effort is to investigate and develop means of
expressing rights about metadata and resources in the OAI framework.
The result will be an addition to the OAI implementation guidelines
that specifies mechanisms for rights expressions within the Open
Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH).
full press release.
2003 -- DLESE OAI Software.
Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) is pleased to
announce its latest version of OAI software. The DLESE OAI software
is designed to be simple to install, configure and use and includes
both a data provider and harvester. The data provider serves
metadata from XML files, automatically updating what is provided
whenever the XML files change. The harvester likewise saves
harvested metadata to files. The software supports the OAI-PHM v2.0.
In addition, the data provider exposes its metadata to outside
clients as a web service through an Open Digital Libraries (ODL)
search interface. Remote clients can perform keyword search queries
over the metadata using the ODL search interface and receive an
ordered list of matching records within the standard OAI-PMH XML
response. The software is packaged as a Java WAR file for use in a
servlet environment such as Tomcat and will run on UNIX, Windows and
Mac OS X. The software is available under the GPL open source
license. A full list of features and information is available at:
http://dlese.org/oai/docs/index.html The software can be
2003 -- NASA Technical Report Server.
The NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS;
http://ntrs.nasa.gov/) has been
reimplemented and now uses the OAI-PMH. The OAI-based version
replaces the former distributed-searching based NTRS. NTRS is a
public service that provides access to "unclassified, unlimited"
NASA-authored scientific and technical information. In addition,
NTRS also harvests from a select number of non-NASA OAI
repositories. In total, NTRS holds > 540k metadata records.
NTRS is also an OAI-PMH aggregator and re-exports its holdings. The
baseURL for NTRS is
http://ntrs.nasa.gov/. The development of NTRS was
sponsored by the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program
Office. For additional information, please contact JoAnne Rocker
2003 -- Internet Archive. In
an effort to participate and exchange information with other digital
libraries and research groups, the Internet Archive, <http://www.archive.org>,
has implemented the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata
Harvesting (OAI-PMH), <http://www.openarchives.org>.
The base URL for the repository is <http://www.archive.org/services/oai.php>.
2003 -- California Digital Library.
California Digital Library announced that its groundbreaking
eScholarship Repository has reached several major milestones. The
eScholarship Repository (http://repositories.cdlib.org/escholarship/
) offers University of California faculty a central online location
for depositing working papers, technical reports, research results,
datasets with commentary and peer-reviewed series. It is free for
scholars to upload papers and free to users to download them.
Compliance with the Open Archive Initiative (OAI) metadata
harvesting protocol allows eScholarship Repository content to be
discovered from centralized search services.
November 2002 --
and MIT Libraries are pleased to announce that version 1.0 of the
DSpace institutional repository software platform is available for
download, evaluation, and use. DSpace is an open source digital
asset management software platform that enables institutions to
capture and describe digital works using a submission workflow
module; distribute an institution's digital works over the web
through a search and retrieval system; and store and preserve
digital works over the long term. DSpace runs on a variety of
hardware platforms, and supports OAI-PMH version 2.0. MIT Libraries
has deployed DSpace 1.0 in full production at MIT and is actively
working with seven other institutions in the US, Canada and the UK
to explore federation models and services that build on the DSpace
platform. DSpace at MIT is a registered data provider with the Open
November 2002 -- DARE Project.
With the award of a NAP grant of 2 million euros for the period
2003-2006, the Dutch government is giving a strong boost to
innovation in the provision of academic information in the
(Digital Academic Repositories) is a collective initiative by
the Dutch universities to make all their research results digitally
accessible. The Koninklijke Bibliotheek [Royal Library], the
Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen [Royal
Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences] and the Nederlandse
Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) [Netherlands
Organisation for Scientific Research] are also collaborating on this
unique project. Coordination is being taken care of by the SURF
Foundation, the ICT partnership organisation for higher education
and research in the Netherlands. In the present situation, the
visibility of and access to Dutch academic research leave much to be
desired. In the fast-changing world of academic research and
communications, changes are needed if the Netherlands wants to
maintain its position in the academic world. Linking up with
international developments in this area, such as the Open Archives
Initiative, is crucial. A national effort to achieve this is needed.
November 2002 -- Open Archives Forum Survey.
results of an initial survey by the EU-funded Open Archives Forum
project are available at http://www.oaforum.org/resources/tecvalq1.php.
The OAI community is now invited to participate in a second survey
that is available at http://www.oaforum.org/resources/tecvalq2.php.
These results will be published in D-Lib in January 2003.
November 2002 -- Project RoMEO survey.
UK JISC-funded RoMEO Project (Rights metadata for open-archiving) is
performing a survey of OAI Data and Service Providers regarding the
IPR issues they face. If you are a Data or Service Provider - no
matter how new - we would be very grateful if you could take the
time to complete our online questionnaires at http://www-staff.lboro.ac.uk/~lbeag/Data-provider-questionnaire.htm
For further information about the RoMEO project please see the web
pages at http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/ls/disresearch/romeo/index.html.
November 2002 -- EPRINTS 2.2 Released.
This version adds support for subject editors (who may only approve
and edit items which match a certain subject or type), support for
the XML::GDOME module (which makes it faster). There is also a
number of small configuration options people have asked for, and
bugfixes. For more details see the
October 2002 -- Digital Library of Information
Science and Technology (DLIST) Launched.
The School of Information Resources and Library Science and the
Arizona Health Sciences Library at the University of Arizona have
launched DLIST, the Digital Library of Information Science and
Technology. DLIST is available at
The objective of DLIST is to serve as a repository of electronic
resources in the domains of Library and Information Science (LIS)
and Information Technology (IT). DLIST is running on Open Archives
Initiative (OAI) compliant Eprints v.2 software developed at the
University of Southampton. Eprints software, recently heralded as
the future of scholarly communication, facilitates the development
of institutional and subject archives and self-archiving practices.
October 2002 -- CIMI Releases SPECTRUM Schema.
The CIMI Consortium is pleased to
announce the public release of Version 1.5 of the CIMI XML Schema
for SPECTRUM, and the launch of an Open Implementers call to
participate an Alpha Test Period. The CIMI Schema will enable
museums to encode rich descriptive information relating to museum
objects, including associated information about people, places and
events surrounding the history of museum objects, as well as
information about their management and use within museums. The CIMI
Schema will be useful for migrating data, the sharing of information
between applications, and as an interchange format for OAI metadata
September 2002 -- Scirus adds 4 additional OAI
Scirus.com, the web search
engine for scientific information launched by Elsevier Science in
2001, has now made 4 additional OAI sources available to its users.
Next to arXiv.org, already available since the beginning of this
year, Scirus now includes NASA (incl. NACA and LTRS), CogPrints, The
Chemistry Preprint Server (CPS), and The Mathematics Preprint Server
(MPS). The data were added by using the Protocol for Metadata
Harvesting of the Open Archive Initiative. Scirus now offers its
users 107 million science specific pages, including over 17 million
proprietary records that cannot be found using generic search
September 2002 -- OCLC's XtCat available through
The Experimental Thesis Catalog is now available for OAI-PMH v2
harvesting from baseURL
http://alcme.oclc.org/xtcat/servlet/OAIHandler. This repository
contains 4.3 million thesis and dissertation records extracted from
OCLC's WorldCat Database and is available in oai_dc and NDLTD's
formats. A subset of about 8000 electronic theses and dissertations
is available by specifying the set "ETD".
September 2002 -- Arc available through SourceForge.
The Digital Library Group in Old Dominion University is pleased to
announce the availability of Arc through SourceForge (http://sourceforge.net/projects/oaiarc/).
Arc is released under the NCSA Open Source License. Arc is a
federated search service based on the Open Archives Initiative
Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). It includes a harvester
which can harvests both OAI-PMH 1.x and 2.0 compliant repositories,
a search engine together with a simple and advanced search
interface, and an OAI-PMH layer over harvested metadata. It is based
on Java Servlet technology and requires JDK1.4, Tomcat 4.0x, and a
RDBMS server (tested with Oracle and MySQL).
September 2002 -- Project RoMEO.
The JISC (Joint Information
Systems Committee) has funded a one
year (1 August 2002 - 31 July 2003) project to investigate the
rights issues surrounding the 'self-archiving' of research in the UK
academic community under the Open Archive Initiative's Protocol for
Metadata Harvesting. For more information see http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/ls/disresearch/romeo/index.html.
August 2002 -- Institute of Physics implements OIA-PMH.
Institute of Physics Publishing has recently implemented the Open
Archives Initiative technical framework for our Electronic Journals
service. We are pleased to confirm that we have adopted this
standard here at Institute of Physics Publishing and metadata
records for our article abstracts are now available in Dublin Core.
They can be ‘harvested’ from our server on request. For more
information see http://www.iop.org.
July 2002 -- OAIster Search Interface.
The University of Michigan Libraries Digital Library Production
is pleased to announce the launch of the OAIster search interface,
version 1. (http://oaister.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/b/bib/bib-idx?c=oaister;page=simple).
OAIster has harvested a large number of records from a variety of
institutions -- 274046 records from 55 institutions -- that have
these records available using the OAI protocol. Each of these
records leads to an actual digital resource hosted at an
institution. You can learn more about a particular institution's
collection we are harvesting at
http://oaister.umdl.umich.edu/viewcolls.html. We are also
committed to improving our service -- see our future plans and the
progress we are making at
http://oaister.umdl.umich.edu/phase2.html. We are very
interested in gathering more records, OAI-enabled or snapshots of
records that aren't yet OAI-enabled, to include in our service. The
more records we serve, the more valuable this service becomes for
the end-user. Please get in touch with
firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss this
June 2002 -- OAI-PMH Version 2 Release.
version 2 specification is now the production release. Included
in the release are
implementation guideline, and an updated
press release for full information.
May 2002 -- JISC FAIR
-- The JISC has now awarded
funding to 14 projects, comprising partnerships between more
than 50 institutions and teams and involving universities,
libraries, JISC services, art galleries, colleges, museums and
commercial companies. This
inspired by the vision of the Open Archives Initiative (OAI), that
digital resources can be shared between organisations based on a
simple mechanism allowing metadata about those resources to be
harvested into services.
May 2002 -- Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata
version 2 specification
available for public review and experimentation. This new release
is the a refinement of the 1.x protocol based on over 16 months of
experimentation and technical discussion. Production release
is scheduled for June 2002.
May 2002 -- Perseus Open Archives Initiative
-- The Perseus Project is pleased to announce the first release
of its Open Archives Initiative service provider. . The Perseus
system harvests registered OAI repositories and incorporates the
information into its
April 2002 -- UIUC Cultural Heritage Repository
-- The Illinois OAI Protocol Metadata Harvesting Project
repository is now available for searching.
http://oai.grainger.uiuc.edu/search. This project is testing the
viability of using the OAI Protocol for harvesting metadata, and
exposing it with a search interface to enhance resource
discoverability for materials that represent cultural heritage. The
repository includes metadata records donated by over 26
April 2002 -- CDL eScholarhship Repository. On
April 3rd, 2002, the California Digital Library announced the launch
of a web site and associated digital services to store and
distribute academic research results and working papers. The
eScholarship Repository (http://repositories.cdlib.org/)
includes a set of author and reader services for the rapid
dissemination of scholarship authored or sponsored by faculty from
the University of California. Its initial focus will be on working
papers from the humanities and social sciences.
March 2002 -- my.OAI Search Engine .
my.OAI is a full-featured search engine to a selected list of
metadata databases from the Open Archives Initiative project. my.OAI
can be tailored by the user to suit individual interests and
provides the following features: Forms based query formulation;
Automatic display of summaries when viewing search results;
Automatic display of similar document when viewing a document;
Automatic mark-up of retrieved document with search links; Search
history; Saving searches for later re-use (with an SDI option);
Saving document in folders. Read
about it at http://www.myoai.com.
February 2002 -- OAIster Project .
Digital Library Production Service at the University of Michigan
announce the launch of the OAIster Project, one of the Metadata
Harvesting Initiatives funded by the Mellon Foundation. The
goal is to create a wide-ranging repository of free, useful, previously
difficult-to-access digital resources that are easily searchable
by anyone. Read
about it at http://oaister.umdl.umich.edu.
February 2002 -- Eprints Version 2 .
Eprints software is open source software allowing organizations to
create web based archives with documents and metadata. The
archives support the OAI Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.
Read about it at http://www.eprints.org.
February 2002 -- JISC
FAIR Programme .
UK Joint Systems Programme Committee (UK) has issued the call for
the Fair Access to Institutional Resources Programme "inspired
by the vision of the Open Archives Initiative". Read
about it at http://www.jisc.ac.uk/pub02/c01_02.html.
February 2002 -- Scirus
includes arXiv ePrints. Scirus.com
(http://www.scirus.com), the web
search engine for scientific information launched by Elsevier
Science last April, has now made 180.000 e-prints from arXiv.org
(formerly xxx.lanl.gov) available to users. The e-prints of
arXiv.org were harvested using the Protocol for Metadata Harvesting
of the Open Archive Initiative. (2/02).
February 2002 -- Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI).
The Budapest Open Access Initiative aims to accelerate
progress in the international effort to make research articles in
all academic fields freely available on the Internet.
Participants in the creation of the BOAI include SPARC and SPARC
Europe. Recommendations of the BOAI include deposit of all
scholarly articles in archives supporting the OAI-PMH. Read
more at http://www.soros.org/openaccess/.
February 2002 -- OAI
in the Museum Community. CIMI announces the release of v1.0
of its OAI-compliant repository code. For more info see http://www.cimi.org/publications.html#oai.
February 2002 -- OAI
Technical Committee announces OAI v2 features. Version
2 of the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting
will be released in May 2002. A description of features is
available at http://www.openarchives.org/pipermail/oai-general/
December 2001 --Cocoa
and "Open Archives in a box" (OAIB) are available as
an alpha release. OAIB is an easy-to-use application for
exporting metadata stored in a relational database management system
(RDBMS) over the Open Archives Initiative protocol for metadata
2001 --DP9 An OAI Gateway Service for Crawlers DP9
is a gateway service that enables indexing of an OAI data provider
Internet search engine. DP9 allows a web crawler to retrieve records
in an OAI collection by executing OAI requests and translating XML
into HTML format on behalf of a web crawler. http://arc.cs.odu.edu:8080/dp9/index.jsp
the Open Language Archives Community, announces a cross-archives
searching service OLAC currently harvests 9000+ metadata
records from 10 participating archives. http://www.language-archives.org
2001--The future of
electronic scientific literature Nature reports on the
transformation of scientific communication and the role of the OAI
in the transformation. Read the article at http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/opinion2.html.
July 2001--Metadata Harvesting Initiative of the Mellon
Foundation The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation is funding 7
institutions with grants totaling $1.5M to create gateway or portal
services that will use the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol. More
information at http://www.arl.org/newsltr/217/waters.html.
July 2001--Digital Library Federation Encourages Use of Open
Archives Initiative The
Digital Library Federation (DLF) is supporting the development of a
small number of Internet gateways through which users will access
distributed digital library holdings as if they were part of a
single uniform collection. The gateways will be built using the OAI
Metadata Harvesting Protocol. DLF gateways will contribute to a
practical evaluation of the OAI's harvesting technique and its
application within libraries to encourage digital collection
managers to expose metadata and build services. More information at http://www.diglib.org/architectures/testbed.htm
July 2001--Updated Repository Explorer Hussein
Suleman announces a beta version of Hussein's
Repository Explorer that automatically tests for the new OAIMHP.
Manual browsing works for both versions and will silently issue
and Identify if that is not your first request.
July 2001--NEW The Kepler Framework
Kurt Maly, Mohammad Zubair, and Xiaoming Lui, Old Dominion University,
announce The Kepler Framework,
an "OAI Data/Service Provider for the Individual." Reference
implementation for the Kepler framework is referred to as a digital
library of many "little" publishers. Key features include:
(a) An easy-to-use archivelet that is downloadable and self-installing.
The archivelet is an OAI compliant data provider for an individual
(b) An automated registration service to support tens of thousands
A simple service provider to harvest metadata from archivelets.
The service provider also supports caching. The Kepler archivelet
is available for Windows, Linux, and Unix Operating Systems. Download
Testing is encouraged. You may try the Kepler archivelet and would
appreciate any feedback that you can provide. Additional information
on Kepler is available from the paper: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april01/maly/04maly.html